The heart has four chambers.  Each chamber  fills with blood and empties the blood into another  chamber  or a large blood vessel.  Each of the four chambers has a heart valve which opens and closes when the blood fills or is expelled from the chamber.  Unfortunately,  either  by an accident  of  birth or certain disease and degenerative conditions,  the leaflets of these valves can be damaged,   malformed or scarred leading to inability of the valve to open (stenosis) or to close correctly,(insufficiency or regurgitation, the leaky valve).

  • Aortic Stenosis

  • Aortic Regurgitation

  • Mitral Stenosis

  • Mitral Regurgitation

  • Tricuspid Valve Disease

  • Pulmonic Valve Disease

  • Mitral Valve Prolapse